Capital city — Bucharest
Incarceration rate (per 100,000 inhabit…i
Type of government
Human Development Indexi
Homicide rate (per 100,000 inhabitants)i
Name of authority in charge of the pris…
Total number of prisonersi
Average length of imprisonment (in mont…i2020/ Council of Europe, [SPACE I – Report 2021](Conseil de l’Europe, SPACE I – Rapport 2021, p. 125.), p. 125.
Total number of prison facilitiesi
An NPM has been established
Number and percentage of female prisone…
Death penalty is abolished
For more information
Administraţia Naţională a Penitenciarelor (Prison Service) (in Romanian).
Asociația pentru Apărarea Drepturilor Omului în România – Comitetul Helsinki (Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania – Helsinki Committee).
Avocatului Poporului (People’s Advocate) (in Romanian).
Federația Sindicatelor din Sistemul Penitenciar - FSSP: Federation for the penitentiary system (in Romanian).
Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research : data from World Prison Brief.
Law no. 35 of 13 March 1997 relating to the organisation of the NPM (in Romanian).
Law no. 254 of 19 July 2013 on the enforcement of sentences and the deprivation of liberty (in Romanian).
Regulation of 10 March 2016 for the application of the law 254/2013 (in Romanian).
Law no. 145 of 22 July 2019 on the status of prison officers (in Romanian).
Prison Service, “Annual activity report 2019”, 65p. (in Romanian).
APADOR-CH, “Visit reports”.
People’s Advocate, “Annual activity report 2019”, 2020, 94p.
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT), “Report to the Romanian government on the visit from 7 to 19 February 2018”, 19 March 2019, 86p.
Romanian government, “Response to the report of the CPT on its visit from 7 to 19 February 2018”, 19 March 2019, 151p.
Păroşanu, A., Alternatives to custody for young offenders – International Juvenile Justice Observatory, Romania report on juvenile justice trends, 5 March 2014, 20p.
Prison Service, Gross Salary Sheets, January 2020 (in Romanian).
Ministry of Justice, Annual budgets (in Romanian).