Date of the report
Author(s)Center for Prisoners’ rights / Pr Akaike (Univ. of Kyoto) / Mme Yasuda (Univ. of Kokugakuin)


  1. More transparency about inmates placed in solitary confinement and their contact (or lack of) with the outside world. This includes inmates sentenced to death.

  2. Guarantee the effectiveness of grievance processes.

  3. Create a clear and effective procedure for life-sentenced prisoners to be released on parole.

  4. Increase the number of full time doctors in penal institutions and make medical units the responsibility of the Ministry of Health.

  5. Ratify the OPCAT and establish a fully independent NPM.

  6. Introduce a moratorium on executions and initiate a nationwide debate on the abolition of the death penalty.