A repressive political climate prevails in the country since the attempted coup d'état on July 15, 2016. Lawyers, journalists, doctors, politicians, judges, and intellectuals are targeted with intimidation, mass arrests and ill-treatment. Thousands of political prisoners, accused of terrorism or of supporting the Gülen movement or the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) fill up Turkish prisons.
The conditions of detention and access to rights vary from prison to prison and are deteriorating due to the increasing overpopulation. The F-type high-security prison -called the "Tombs"- implement a strict and extreme isolation regime. Civil society organizations are no longer authorized to intervene in prisons.