The medical examination is carried out by a team formed of authorised psychiatrists, psychologists, doctors and nurses. The team assesses whether any care is needed and whether placement in the institution’s psychiatric care unit or in a specialised penitentiary facility is required.
Screening for tuberculosis is carried out on a routine basis. A chest x-ray is taken for high-risk inmates.1
Eveline Thoonen, “Death in State Custody”, Maklu Uitgevers N.V, 2017, p.182. ↩
A medical file is opened upon admission
Prior to the first medical examination, prisoners must complete a form in which they detail, for example, any medical treatment that they receive a regular basis.
Prisoners can access health care units after
a written request
Every morning, the nursing staff pre-select the inmates who will be seen by the doctor that day.
Thoonen, E., “Death in State custody”, Maklu Uitgevers N.V, 2017, p.225.
Physical health care
There is no specific data on HIV/AIDS, syphilis, chlamydia, hepatitis B and C or the co-infection of tuberculosis and HIV (TB-HIV). The prevalence of any given disease can therefore not be established.
In 2016, the number of arrivals tested, who were either born or who had been convicted within the last five years in a country particularly affected by tuberculosis1, was 12,222. Thirteen tested positive.
Nineteen prisoners at Heerhugwaard Prison initiated legal action in January 2021 against the prison director over the ban on wearing masks in detention. Prisoners had to share workspaces but without masks. Those who opposed could be subjected to disciplinary sanctions.
/ Dutch News
At Limburg prison, 84 prisoners were placed in quarantine from 6 January on. They were subjected to multiple restrictions; in particular, they could not shower, exercise, or receive visitors for ten days.
/ NL Times
Nearly 1,000 inmates were quarantined for prevention purposes. Nieuwegein and Ter Appel prisons were placed under total quarantine. A few wings in Grave, Zaanstad, Roermond and Heerhugowaard prisons were quarantined.
/ Dutch News
According to several lawyers, quarantined inmates were not allowed to take showers or wear masks. Health Minister Sander Dekker indicated that this ban was taken for safety reasons. According to the minister, prison staff must be able to see the faces of inmates to “gauge their mood”.
The guards assigned to the dedicated units (EZVs) within prisons receive training in patient care. The CPT observes that “they work in cooperation with psychologists and social workers”. The staff/prisoner ratio here is higher than elsewhere1.