Ministry of Health
The transfer of this responsibility to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare has not yet taken place (see also NPM). Medical services are therefore not independent.
Dental care is often minimal and access to palliative care lacking.
The Penal and Detention Facilities Act provides that when detainees are injured or sick, necessary medical measures shall be taken at public expense.
Doctor-patient confidentiality is not guaranteed since prison guards attend medical examinations.
Yes, continual medical care is guaranteed during incarceration. The Penal and Detention Facilities Act provides health examinations should be conducted at the frequency of about twice a month.
As a result of this, security requirements are often prioritized over medical needs, causing delays in medical attention, worsening symptoms, or even death in extreme cases.