Capital city — Lisbon
Incarceration rate (per 100,000 inhabit…
Type of government
Human Development Index
Homicide rate (per 100,000 inhabitants)
Name of authority in charge of the pris…
Total number of prisoners
Average length of imprisonment (in mont…
Total number of prison facilities
An NPM has been established
Number and percentage of female prisone…
Death penalty is abolished
The law establishes a minimum standard for living space per prisoner
The size of the prison cells and their furnishings conform to the European Prison Rules, which recommend - without providing figures - that cells satisfy the minimum standards of human dignity1.
European Prisons Observatory, “Prison conditions in Portugal”, 2013, p. 10. ↩
Prisoners are accommodated in single cells
Prisoners are held in individual cells. In exceptional circumstances, several prisoners can be confined to a single cell in the following cases :
- to meet the needs of families (a father/mother and child)
- to prevent physical or mental risks
- where there is insufficient room in the facility (article 34 of the Prison Regulations)
Prisoners sleep on
All the prisoners are provided with bedding
Cells are equipped with a mattress, a bed, bedding, a chair and a cupboard.
Cells are equipped with a window that can be opened.
The cells/dormitories are provided with electric lighting
The cells/dormitories are equipped with heating and/or air conditioning
Prisoners can equip their cells with an electrical heater or air conditioner at their own expense.
Prisoners can smoke
- in their cell
- in communal areas
Tobacco consumption is a criterion for prisoners’ cell assignment (section 18 of the Regulations).
Prisoners have access to water
in their cell/dormitory
Showers are located in the cells/dormitories
The prisoner is allowed one shower per day. The water must be hot.
Types of sanitary facilities
The regulations provide for a toilet or its equivalent in each cell (article 34 of the Regulations). The premises where inmates stay are equipped with toilets.
The prison service provides personal hygiene products free of charge
for new arrivals and for indigent prisoners
Prisoners can purchase personal hygiene products.
The prison service provides cleaning products free of charge
Beddings are refreshed
yes, every week
Prisoners are responsible for the cleaning of their bedding
Waste collection takes place once a day.
Drinking water is free and available in all areas of the facilities
Number of meals per day
An extra snack is served at teatime.
Daily cost of meals per prisoner
Contractors are awarded 3,20€ per day and per person to satisfy dietary needs.
Food services are managed by
private food services
The prison service provides food that respects special dietary needs
Specific diets are available for medical reasons and, “where possible”, for religious or philosophical reasons (article 45 of the Regulations).
Prisoners eat their meals in
in the refectory
In the absence of a dining hall, the governor of the facility determines where meals are to be eaten.
Prisoners placed in a disciplinary cell eat their meals in the cell.
Prisoners can buy food products
Each facility has a canteen service where prisoners can buy food and non-food products. The DGRSP determines which products are made available to the prisoners.
The cost of the products is deducted from the prisoner’s personal account. The DGRSP determines the maximum amount of purchases (article 50 of the Regulations). Automatic vending machines give access to coffee, water, soft drinks, baked goods, and tobacco (article 51 of the Regulations).
Prisoners can have access to a refrigerator
Prisoners are allowed to cook in their cells or in a shared space
in some establishments
Prisoners in the open regime are allowed to cook in dedicated premises.
Prisoners are allowed to receive food parcels
Visitors are allowed to bring one food package every week weighing a maximum of 1kg. On the occasion of a birthday, they can bring a pre-sliced cake weighing a maximum of 2 kg. Beverages are forbidden (article 48 of the Regulations).