Capital city — Madrid
Incarceration rate (per 100,000 inhabit…i
Type of government
Human Development Index
Homicide rate (per 100,000 inhabitants)
Name of authority in charge of the pris…
Total number of prisonersi
Average length of imprisonment (in mont…
Total number of prison facilities
An NPM has been established
Number and percentage of female prisone…i
Death penalty is abolished
For more information
“Spanish Constitution of 1978” (in Spanish).
“Penal Code” (in Spanish).
“Penitentiary Law” (in Spanish).
“Prison Regulations” (in Spanish).
Ombudsman, “Annual Report and Court Cases 2017, Volume I”, 2018.
“Council of Europe anti-torture committee acknowledges some positive steps in Spain, but calls for ending fixation in prisons and juvenile centres”, 2017.
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture, “Report to the Spanish government on the visit to Spain carried out in 2016”, 2017.
General Secretariat of Penitentiary Institutions, “Annual Report 2016” (in Spanish).
Council of Europe, “Report on the Organisation of health care services in prisons in European member states”.
Ministry for the Interior, “National action plan for the prevention of violent radicalisation” (in Spanish).
Ombudsman, “Annual Report 2016” (in Spanish).
NGO and International Organisation reports
Assembly for the Prevention of Torture, “Torture in the Spanish State in 2017”, 7 June 2018 (in Spanish).
The Association for Human Rights of Andalusia, “Prison Health”, 2016 (in Spanish).
Sonia Gómez Ramírez, “Women in prison: social reintegration via reception centres, 2016 (in Spanish).
José Luis de la Cuesta et Isodoro Blanco, “The Spanish Penitentiary system” (in Spanish).
Ángel Colmenar Launes,“The disciplinary regime and process in the Spanish system“, National University for distance learning, 2015 (in Spanish).