Security, order, and discipline
Security, order, and discipline
Security functions are fulfilled by
the prison service
Some prison facilities, units or cells implement high-security measures
Those placed under a maximum-security regime are incarcerated in areas with reinforced security systems.
Prisoners are classified according to their supposed level of dangerousness
The ranking of prisoners depends on: first, the nature of their offense, and second, the length of their sentence. Their ranking can change at any point during their incarceration. The administration keeps the following in mind:
- the risk of running away
- punctuality when returning from permitted outings
- possession of illegal goods and substances
- violence committed against personnel and other prisoners
- psychological evaluations
The classification of prisoners is revised
every six months
The ranking of prisoners placed under a maximum-security regime can be re-evaluated after a year and a half of incarceration. An evaluation is generally done every six months to confirm or change the detention regime.1
Romanian government, “Response to the report of the CPT on its visit from 7 to 19 February 2018”, 19 March 2019, p. 98. ↩
Open and semi-open detention regimes are managed based on the principle of dynamic security. These regimes affect a significant portion of the incarcerated population. The CPT recommended that the dynamic regime be used in maximum security areas, replacing special intervention teams.1.
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT), “Report to the Romanian government on the visit from 7 to 19 February 2018”, 19 March 2019, p. 43. ↩
The manners and procedures in which body searches are done are regulated. Individuals are submitted to thorough (naked) searches before being admitted into prison. The prisoners are systematically searched after each visit. They can be searched, thoroughly or not, every time an overseer deems it necessary. Naked searches must be done out of the field of view of a camera and carried out by an official of the same sex as the prisoner.
All searches are logged in a register
on some cases
Searches are logged in a register when goods are seized or confiscated.
Body cavity searches are conducted by a physician
Relatives who enter the prison are searched using the following methods
Professionals who enter the prison are searched using the following methods
Professionals must leave their cellular phones at the entrance of facilities.
Prisoners that are in disciplinary confinement or hospitalised cannot be handcuffed.
When doing transfers or searches, guards can be accompanied by dogs.
Prisoners under maximum security regimes can be handcuffed during transfers. The use of these restraints depends on the establishment supervisor’s authorisation.
Handcuffs can be left on before a representative of the judicial system or an institution or before a health professional, if requested.1
Security staff carry
In order to restore order, guards are allowed to use dogs, batons, rubber bullets, irritants and water jets, as well as incapacitating sound and light devices.
In certain situations, guards are equipped with knife-proof vests and helmets with a visor.1
A special intervention unit is in charge of restoring order
There are special intervention groups in maximum security areas. They are generally in the hallways. They wear bulletproof vests, hoods, helmets, batons and gloves. They are said to be intimidating. In 2018, during its visit, the CPT received numerous allegations of ill treatment by members of these groups. It questioned their ‘modus operandi’, which it describes as having ‘carte blanche to deliver their own brand of justice.’ The CPT invited the authorities to put an end to these groups.1
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT), “Report to the Romanian government on the visit from 7 to 19 February 2018”, 19 March 2019, p. 42. ↩
The prison service keeps record of incidents
Number of escapes
Number of violent acts against prison staff
This number includes physical and verbal assault.
Breaches of discipline are clearly defined in writing
Prison rules specify the different disciplinary offenses. Each facility is required to list them in its rules and regulations.
The sanctions for minor offences are:
- suspension of the right to participate in cultural and sports activities for a maximum of one month
- suspension of the right to work for a maximum of one month
The sanctions for more serious offences are:
- the suspension, for a maximum of one month, of the right to buy products at the commissary (except for hygiene products or mailing items needed to guarantee the prisoner’s defence)
- the suspension of the right to visits for a maximum of two months
- solitary confinement for a maximum of 10 days1
Prisoners are allowed to be assisted by a lawyer
The disciplinary commission is responsible for issuing sanctions. It is made up of two deputy directors (in charge of security, education or assistance) and a third member appointed by the establishment director.
Prisoners may appeal against disciplinary sanctions
After the disciplinary commission’s sentence has been communicated, the prisoner has up to three days to make an appeal. It then falls to the supervisory judge to make a ruling.
Disciplinary sanctions can be imposed as a collective punishment
Disciplinary sanctions have an effect on the length of a sentence. They especially impact prisoners’ credits, which affect sentence adjustments.
Solitary confinement can be used as
- security measure
Solitary confinement is decided
- by a magistrate’s order
- by the prison governor
- at the request of the prisoner
The duration for placement in solitary confinement is limited
Prisoners in solitary confinement receive regular medical care
People placed in solitary confinement must be examined daily by a doctor. The doctors have the ability to cut the confinement short.
Solitary confinement takes place either in a closed regime cell or in a specially-equipped location. The cell must have a source of light and natural ventilation, as well as a way to be heated and adequate sanitation facilities.
Prisoners placed in solitary confinement should be able to benefit from at least one hour per day of outside air in specially-equipped yards.
Access to activities and work is not possible during the period of solitary confinement. Isolated prisoners do not have access to a television or a radio.
Prisoners placed in solitary confinement are not allowed to have visits from relatives. They are, however, authorised to send and receive mail.